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The process of drawing a gas or liquid into a solid through the minute spaces between its parts.
The process by which molecules of a substance, such as a gas or a liquid, collect on the surface of another substance, such as a solid. The molecules are attracted to the surface but do not enter the solid's minutespaces, as in absorption. Some drinking water filters consist of carbon cartridges that adsorb contaminants.
Atmospheric Distillation Unit
Chemical used as solvent to remove H2S and CO2 from hydrocarbon streams
American National Standards Institute.
Benzene type hydrocarbons
ASME Boiler Code
Pressure Vessel Codes that govern safety, design, fabrication, and inspection.
Process to produce Hydrogen, typically it is a licensed technology.
Geographic boundary, real or imaginary, around the processing plant which converts raw material to finished product.
BPSD or B/SD
Barrels per standard day.
Existing facilities available to be modified or reused.
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes
British Thermal Unit
The process of trapping carbon dioxide at its emission source,transporting it to a usually underground storage location, and isolating it there
Process to convert the high-boiling, high-molecular weight hydrocarbon fractions of petroleum crude oils to more valuable gasoline, olefinic gases, and other products
Crude Distillation Unit
Cubic feet per minute.
Cogeneration (Combined Heat and Power or CHP) is the simultaneous production of electricity and heat, both of which are used.
The process of assuring that all systems and components of an industrial plant are designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained according to the operational requirements of the owner or final client. A commissioning process may be applied not only to new projects but also to existing units and systems subject to expansion, renovation or revamping.
The input of construction knowledge and expertise throughout the planning, design, procurement, safety and field operations to improve the means and methods of improving the design intent.
Withdraw equipment from service.
The process of removing or neutralizing contaminants that have accumulated on personnel and equipment
Desalination (also called “desalinization” and “desalting”) is the process of removing dissolved salts from water, thus producing fresh water from seawater or brackish water.
Design-Build is a method of project delivery in which one entity – the design-build team – works under a single contract with the project owner to provide design and construction services
The oil and gas operations that take place after the production phase, through to the point of sale. Downstream operations can include refining crude oil and distributing the by-products down to the retail level. By-products can include gasoline, natural gas liquids, diesel and a variety of other energy sources
Engineering and construction.
Electro Catalytic Oxidation.
Enhanced Oil Recovery
Process of obtaining stranded oil not recovered from an oil reservoir through certain extraction processes. EOR uses methods including thermal recovery, gas injection, chemical injection and low-salinity water flooding
Engineering, procurement and construction.
Engineering, procurement, and construction management
Front-end engineering and design.
Front-end engineering and design
Basic engineering which comes after the Conceptual design or Feasibility study. The FEED design focuses the technical requirements as well as rough investment cost for the project.
Raw material to supply or fuel a machine or industrial process.
Flue gas desulfurization.
A cost that does not change with an increase or decrease in the amount of goods or services produced
A long vertical cylinder used in fractional distillation, in which internal reflux enables separation of high and low boiling fractions to take place
The flowline network and process facilities that transport and control the flow of oil or gas from the wells to a main storage facility, processing plant or shipping point. It is also called the collecting system or gathering facility.
A complete plant erected on a site.
New project, grassroots plant
Hazardous Materials. Any substance or chemical which is a "health hazard" or "physical hazard”.
High density polyethylene.
High molecular weight crude with API lower than 22
Heat Recovery Steam Generator.
Health, Safety & Environmental
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
Refinery process where hydrocracking of hydrocarbons occurs
Refinery process where high molecular weight hydrocarbons are reduced to lower molecular weight hydrocarbons by adding hydrogen at high pressure and temperature in the presence of a catalyst.
International Building Code.
Integrated gasification combined cycle
International Standards Organization.
Isometric Drawing. A drawing of piping using isometric conventions to represent a 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional piping system.
Low density polyethylene.
Liquefied natural gas.
Liquefied petroleum gas.
Unit is essentially complete for start-up operation and test run.
Non Destructive Examination of welds performed in vessels and pipes, NDE technologies include Phase Array, X-Rays, Ultrasonic and liquid penetrant testing.
Natural Gas Liquid.
Operations and maintenance.
Bituminous sands, generally coming from Canada.
Unsaturated double bond linear hydrocarbons such as ethylene, propylene and butane. They serve as feedstock for more complex chemical products such as polymers.
Piping & Instrumentation Diagram.
Process Flow Diagram.
Parts per billion.
Personal Protective Equipment.
Parts per million.
A metallic container for handling liquids and gases in a process.
Quality Surveillance Report.
A vessel where chemical reactions occur, it may or may not have catalysts.
Refinery process that uses heat and pressure to increase the octane number of naphtha using a catalyst.
Liquid filtering process in which a contaminated (more concentrated) liquid is forced to pass through a semi-permeable membrane that block most dissolved or suspended contaminants.
Standard cubic feet per day.
Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction.
Selective Catalytic Reduction.
Synthetic natural gas.
A gas produced from methane consisting of CO2 and H2 used in refinery and GTL processes.
Total installed cost.
Tons per day.
A complete project usually including many major units of plant completed under one overall contract, such as a chemical works or power station complex.
The exploration recovery and production of crude oil and natural gas.
Distillation of petroleum at low pressures, used to separate the bottoms coming from the crude distillation unit into products such as LGO, HGO and asphalt.
Vinyl Acetate Monomer.
Variable Frequency Drive.
Water that has been used and contains dissolved or suspended waste materials.
Process that modifies wastewater characteristics such as its biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, etc., to enable it meet effluent standards.
Natural gas containing a high proportion of heavy hydrocarbons such as pentane, hexane and heptane, which can be recovered as NGL liquids.
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